Technological advancements in the Internet of Things (IoT) have transformed many areas of engineering. This book describes some exciting applications of the IoT for industry use as well as for personal use. It provides the reader with a wide view of what can be achieved through digitalization enabled by the IoT.
Table of Contents:
INTRODUCTION | 4 pages
By Lini Lee, Sin Liang Lim
Chapter 1| 23 pages
Industrial Based Chicken Egg Sorter with Image Processing and Data Analysis
Abstract – This project discusses the mechanical structure, application software, and controller design for an egg sorter which can be used in the egg industry. The machine will provide an alternative way of determining the size of an egg using image processing. This is important to improve the efficiency of egg production in differentiating the grade of the egg. The traditional way by human inspection and weight of the egg can be unreliable as outside factors can intervene in the process. Therefore, this project will study the egg’s external behaviour and extract the egg’s features to sort the egg. The camera attached to the Raspberry Pi is used to capture the image of the egg. The image processing occurs in the Raspberry Pi. The stepper motor is used to control the egg’s motion, while servo motors are used in sorting the egg. A prototype of a chicken egg sorter has been built. When tested with eggs from three different grades, the prototype has performed satisfactorily, with an average error of 0.74% for the measured length and an average error of 1.57% for the measured width.
Cite this chapter as:
Hammidon, M.H., Cham, C.L., Tan, W.H., Ooi, C.P., Tan, Y.F. (2021) Industrial Based Chicken Egg Sorter with Image Processing. In: Lee, L.N., Lim, S.L. (eds), Recent Applications of Internet-of-Things in Monitoring and Analysis. MMU Press, Cyberjaya.
Chapter 2| 29 pages
Internet of Things for Tele-Healthcare Heartbeat Monitoring System
By Wei Wen Toh and Wai Leong Pang [0000-0001-8407-5648]
Abstract – Advances in computer and communication technology, the deployment of Internet of Things applications and services is accelerating across the world. New revolutionary healthcare service is developed with the integration of modern biomedical instrumentation, computer and communication technologies, and a conventional healthcare approach. This work proposes and develops a wireless intelligent Internet of Things for Tele-Healthcare Heartbeat (IoT-THH) monitoring system. The system architecture of the IoT-THH consists of four layers, i.e., perception layer, network layer, coordination layer, and application layer. The heartbeat measured on the patient using the pulse sensor (perception layer) is transmitted to the coordination layer through Wi-Fi (network layer). The coordination layer acts as the database/server to process and analyse the heartbeat data collected. The alert system in the application layer is triggered once the heartbeat rate collected is beyond the threshold value. The IoT-THH monitoring system is designed to assist medical professionals in disease diagnosing, remote monitoring, and medical treatment. The modernised healthcare approach helps to optimise healthcare efficiency, improve human health status and reduce fatality rates by providing early diagnosis and medical treatment to the patients. A prototype that consists of an electric imp002 microcontroller, a Pulse Sensor Amped, and a green LED light is developed. Extensive experimental works are carried out to evaluate the performance of the IoT-THH prototype with the commercial Medisana heartbeat measurement device. The accuracy of the IoT-THH is comparable with the commercial Medisana heartbeat measurement device.
Cite this chapter as:
Toh W.W., Pang, W.L. (2021) Internet of Things for Tele-Healthcare Heartbeat Monitoring System. In: Lee, L.N., Lim, S.L. (eds), Recent Applications of Internet-of-Things in Monitoring and Analysis. MMU Press, Cyberjaya.
Chapter 3| 25 pages
Assistive Prayer Monitoring System for Elderly Muslims
Sarina Mansor [0000-0002-4939-0631] and Ibrahim Alkhalifah
Abstract – Elderly Muslims face several challenges in performing daily prayers such as forgetting the number of rakaah (cycles of prayer), prayer recitation, and even the prayer times. In this work, a prayer monitoring system is proposed in the design of a smart prayer mat to track the movements of the worshiper based on an infrared distance sensor and a pressure sensor. In addition, it has the ability to determine the correct direction of the Qibla. Audio and visual effects have been added too to make the system more effective. Finally, an Internet of Things platform connected the smart prayer mat with cloud storage, and a mobile application was developed to view the data. The system was tested by an elderly man for four consecutive days, and the results indicated the effectiveness of the proposed system. The designed prayer monitoring system has the ability to track the movements of the user while praying, upload the prayers data to the cloud and monitor the prayer activities through an Android application.
Cite this chapter as:
Mansor, S., Alkhalifah, I. (2021) Assistive Prayer Monitoring System for Elderly Muslims. In: Lee, L.N., Lim, S.L. (eds), Recent Applications of Internet-of-Things in Monitoring and Analysis. MMU Press, Cyberjaya.
Chapter 4| 25 pages
Internet of Things based Greenhouse Monitoring System
Chinnaiyan Senthilpari [0000-0002-3775-5621] and Hashyvin Arumugam
Abstract – A greenhouse monitoring system with radio frequency (RF) signal support was designed and built. The combination of the hardware and software used in the greenhouse system is an embedded system. Intelligent systems have been implemented to overcome the environmental factors adversely affecting the greenhouse system. To attain maximum growth of the plant, continuous supervision and checking are crucial. Controlling the environmental factors such as temperature, humidity, light intensity, and moisture in the soil will help increase plant growth. This system uses two Arduino modules as transmitter and receiver platforms to process the readings from the sensors and send them to actuators through an RF signal. Furthermore, the Internet of Things has been implemented to monitor and control the system in real-time. All environmental factors recorded by the sensors will be sent to the client account (ThingSpeak) via a Wi-Fi module, which would be connected to the users’ Internet Protocol (IP) address and the internet to send the data. By accessing the laptop or mobile phone, the user can continuously monitor the data measured by the greenhouse sensors. For analysis of the plant condition, all sensor information can be used to assess the environmental factors in the greenhouse, which are measured by 1 day, 1 week, and 4 weeks respectively. Four sensors were used to measure temperature, humidity, light intensity, and soil moisture, and it gives a perfect result of greenery conditions. For optimal outcomes, these data are essential for controlling the greenhouse climate.
Cite this chapter as:
Senthilpari, C., Arumugam, H. (2021) Internet of Things based Greenhouse Monitoring System. In: Lee, L.N., Lim, S.L. (eds), Recent Applications of Internet-of-Things in Monitoring and Analysis. MMU Press, Cyberjaya.
Chapter 5| 25 pages
Design and Implementation of IoT Interactive Kiosk
Abstract – Students at educational institutions such as schools or colleges often carry belongings when they head to their classes. Many universities and high schools sustain traditional lockers in the libraries for the students to keep their belongings in the absence of a strong security system, which may result in the loss of their belongings. In this work, an interactive kiosk with the technology of the Internet of Things (IoT) that serves as a smart locker system is proposed. In particular, a smart and efficient process flow for the system is developed, in order to enable the users to register for a locker with minimum required credentials and place their personal belongings securely. With the aid of Raspberry Pi and Arduino, the system allows the users to place their belongings for the duration they wish for. The duration is calculated after the user checkout from the kiosk. To enhance the security system, the kiosk requires the user for the fingerprint to grant the authorised user access to the locker. From this work, we have demonstrated a working prototype for the IoT-enabled interactive kiosk with a variety of smart features, which include: simple and efficient user registration process, enhanced locker security and protection, greater user flexibility for pick-up, and drop-off, and automated calculation of locker occupancy duration. Therefore, the proposed innovative solution is a feasible approach for allowing campuses to experience a transition from traditional to modern smart locker systems.
Cite this chapter as:
Aboelala, O., Lee, I.E. (2021) Design and Implementation of IoT Interactive Kiosk. In: Lee, L.N., Lim, S.L. (eds), Recent Applications of Internet-of-Things in Monitoring and Analysis. MMU Press, Cyberjaya.